Healthcare Interview Tips

Clinical Officers Interview Questions with AnswersUTUMISHI 

Understanding the kinds of questions you’ll likely be asked during a job interview can give you the opportunity to compose answers that best highlight your qualifications and why you’re the right candidate for the job.

In this article, we’ll discuss some of the top interview questions to expect during your job interview at Utumishi House, plus we’ll arm you with tips to prepare answers that will impress any interviewer.

We’ve compiled a list of 6 questions you’ll likely be asked. Please note that these questions appeared on the previous clinical officers interviews at Utumishi

Clinical Officers Interview Questions with Answers

The following are some of the questions apperared on the previous interviews

Qn 1: Explain the necessary steps for preoperative care

Ans: Preparations for surgery depend on your diagnosis. Your physician will discuss with you how to prepare for your surgery. However, if you will undergo general anesthesia, you may be asked to do some preparation

According to the Stanford Medicine Journal the preparation for surgery should include the following steps

  • Stop drinking and eating for a certain period of time before the time of surgery
  • Bathe or clean, and possibly shave the area to be operated on
  • Undergo various blood tests, X-rays, electrocardiograms, or other procedures necessary for surgery
  • Sometimes a patient may be asked to take an enema the evening before surgery, to empty the bowels. Please check with your physician.
  • Do not wear makeup the day of surgery
  • Do not wear nail polish
  • Do not wear your eye contacts
  • Leave valuables and jewelry at home
  • Advise the medical staff of dentures or other prosthetic devices you may be wearing

Often, to make their experience more comfortable and efficient, patients are advised to bring the following:

  • Loose-fitting clothes to wear
  • Social Security card number
  • Insurance information
  • Medicare or Medicaid card

Qn 2: Management of compications of malaria to a 5 years old child

Ans: According to the Standard Treatment Guidelines of Tanzania (STG) 2021 this is how you can manage the complications of malaria

Management of complications

To reduce the unacceptably high mortality of severe malaria, patients require intensive care. Clinical observations should be made as frequently as possible. Airway maintenance, nurse on side, fanning if hyperpyrexia is present, fluid balance review:

Coma (cerebral malaria):

maintain airway, nurse on side, and exclude other causes of coma (e.g. hypoglycemia, bacterial meningitis); avoid giving corticosteroids.

Dehydration:

Correct dehydration

Hyperpyrexia:

Fanning, paracetamol if patient can swallow

Convulsions:

Maintain airways; treat with Adult A: diazepam (IV) 0.15 mg/ kg (maximum 10 mg) slow bolus IV injection.

Children A:

Diazepam (rectal) 0.5–1.0 mg/ kg1. If convulsions persist after 10 minutes repeat rectal diazepam treatment as above.

Should convulsions continue despite a second dose, give a further dose of rectal diazepam OR A: phenobarbitone (IM/IV) 20 mg/ kg after another 10 minutes.

Hypoglycemia:

Remains a major problem in the management of severe malaria especially in young children and pregnant women.

It should be deliberately looked for and treated accordingly. Urgent and repeated blood glucose screening.

In children: B:

dextrose 10% (IV) 5 ml/kg OR C: dextrose 25% (IV) 2.5ml/kg as bolus; If 50%dextrose solution is available, it should be diluted to make 25% by adding an equal volume of water for injection or normal saline.

In adults: B:

Dextrose 10% (IV) 125ml OR C: dextrose 25% (IV) 50ml as bolus. Where dextrose is not available, sugar water should be prepared by mixing 20g of sugar (4 level teaspoons) with 200ml of clean water. 50ml of this solution is given ORALLY or by nasogastric tube if unconscious.

Severe anaemia:

Refer to haematologychapter

Acute pulmonary oedema:

Refer to respiratory conditions chapter

Acute renal failure:

Refer to cardiovascular disease condition chapter

Shock:

Refer to emergency and critical care chapter

Qn 3. What are the first visit investigations for a pregnant woman in RCH?

Ans: For a pregnant woman attending the clinic for the first time should check the following laboratory tests

  • Urine Pregnancy Test (UPT)
  • Hepatitis B and C Antigen (HBsAg & HCV) Test
  • Syphilis Test (VDRL)
  • Urinalysis
  • Fasting or Randon Blood Glucose Test
  • Blood Typing/Grouping (ABO & Rh) Test
  • Hemoglobin (HB) Test
  • HIV Screening
  • Malaria Rapid Diagnostic Test (MRDT)

Qn 4: What will be your health goals as the in-charge of the facility?

Ans: As the in-charge of the facility, my health goals would prioritize creating a safe and supportive environment for all members, focusing on promoting physical activity, providing access to nutritious food options, and offering educational resources on healthy lifestyle choices.

I would also aim to cultivate a culture of wellness through regular fitness programs, workshops, and wellness challenges to encourage sustainable habits among the community.

NB: This answer is generated by Jerasp staff, it is not a specific answer for this question

Qn 5: What are the clinical presentations of obstructive lung disease?

According to Mayoclinic these are the symptoms of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)

COPD symptoms often don’t appear until significant lung damage has occurred, and they usually worsen over time, particularly if smoking exposure continues.

Signs and symptoms of COPD may include:

  • Shortness of breath, especially during physical activities
  • Wheezing
  • Chest tightness
  • A chronic cough that may produce mucus (sputum) that may be clear, white, yellow or greenish
  • Frequent respiratory infections
  • Lack of energy
  • Unintended weight loss (in later stages)
  • Swelling in ankles, feet or legs

People with COPD are also likely to experience episodes called exacerbations, during which their symptoms become worse than the usual day-to-day variation and persist for at least several days


Please stay tuned and check back often as I’ll be adding more questions here regularly. Looking forward to keeping the conversation going

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One Comment

  1. Thank you for this!! All the informations, knowledge and everything I real appreciate, thank you once again for giving applicable and real informations / announcement!!

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